The Kindle Fire is a tablet version of Amazon.com's Kindle e-book reader. Built with Quanta Computer, the Kindle Fire was announced on September 28, 2011, featuring a color 7-inch multi-touch display with IPS technology and running a custom version of Google's Android operating system called Fire OS.
The device—which includes access to the Amazon Appstore, streaming movies and TV shows, and Kindle's e-books—was released to consumers in the United States on November 15, 2011.
On September 7, 2012, upgrades to the device were announced with consumer availability to those European countries with a localized version of Amazon's website (United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy and Spain).
The Kindle Fire originally retailed for US$199.
Estimates of the device's initial bill of materials ranged from $150 to $201.70.
Amazon's business strategy is to make money through sales of digital content on the Fire, rather than through the device itself.
As of October 2012, the Kindle Fire is the second best selling tablet after Apple's iPad, with about 7 million units sold according to estimates by Forrester Research and as of 2013 Amazon's tablets are fourth.
On September 6, 2012, the Kindle Fire was upgraded to the second generation, and its price was reduced to $159, RAM upgraded to 1 GB and processor clock speed upgraded to 1.2 GHz.
A more powerful and video-friendly version, the Kindle Fire HD (7 and 8.9 inch versions) was also made available, initially priced at $199 and $299.
On September 25, 2013, the Kindle Fire HD was upgraded to the third generation, priced at $139, and the Kindle Fire HDX was introduced.
The Kindle Fire HDX has an improved graphics engine, double the memory, and triple the processor speed of the previous model.
The 7-inch and 8.99-inch versions were introduced at $229 and $379 respectively.
In September 2014, the Fire HDX 8.9 and the Fire HD were upgraded to the fourth generation of Fire tablets, removing the "Kindle" naming.
|Release date||November 15, 2011 (USA) |
September 6, 2012 (Europe)
December 18, 2012 (Japan)
|Units sold||7 million (as of October 2012)|
|Operating system|| Based on Android OS 2.3.3 (customized: 6.3.2_user_4110520) (1st gen.) |
Based on Android 4.0.3 (customized: 10.5.1_user_5172420) (2nd gen.)
|System-on-chip used||Texas Instruments OMAP 4 4430|
|CPU||1.2 GHz Dual-core Cortex-A9 (ARMv7)|
|Memory||512 MB RAM (1st gen.) |
1 GB RAM (2nd gen.)
|Display||7 inch multi-touch Gorilla Glass display, 1024×600 at 169 ppi, 16 million colors. Capacitive touch sensitive.|
|Connectivity||Micro-USB 2.0 (type B) |
3.5 mm stereo socket
|Online services||Amazon Prime, Amazon Cloud Storage, Amazon Cloud Player, Amazon Instant video, Amazon Silk, Amazon App Store, Amazon Kindle Store|
|Dimensions||190 mm (7.5 in) H |
120 mm (4.7 in) W
11.4 mm (0.45 in) D
|Weight||413 g (14.6 oz)|
|Successor||Kindle Fire HD|
|Website||Amazon Kindle Fire|
HardwareThe Kindle Fire hardware was manufactured by Quanta Computer (an Original Design Manufacturer), which had also helped design the BlackBerry PlayBook, using it as a hardware template for the Kindle Fire.
Kindle Fire devices employ a 1-GHz Texas Instruments OMAP 4430 dual-core processor. The device has a 2-point multi-touch color LCD screen with a diagonal length of 7 inches (180 mm) and a 600×1024-pixel resolution (160 dpi density).
Connectivity is through 802.11n Wi-Fi and USB 2.0 (Micro-B connector). The device includes 8 GB of internal storage—said to be enough for 80 applications, plus either 10 movies or 800 songs or 6,000 books.
According to Amazon, the Kindle Fire's 4400 mAh battery sustains up to 8 hours of consecutive reading and up to 7.5 hours of video playback with wireless off.
Of the 8 GB internal storage, approximately 6.5 GB is available for content.
The first-generation Kindle Fire has a sensor on the upper left-hand corner of the screen. This is widely considered to be an ambient-light sensor, disabled since an early software upgrade.
SoftwareThe first generation of Kindle Fire devices run a customized Android 2.3.3 Gingerbread OS.
The second generation Kindle Fire HD runs a customized Android 4.0.3 Ice Cream Sandwich OS.
Along with access to Amazon Appstore, the Fire includes a cloud-accelerated "split browser", Amazon Silk, using Amazon EC2 for off-device cloud computation; including webpage layout and rendering, and Google's SPDY protocol for faster webpage content transmission.
The user's Amazon digital content is given free storage in Amazon Cloud's web-storage platform, 5 GB music storage in Amazon Cloud Drive, and a built-in email application allows webmail (Gmail, Yahoo!, Hotmail, AOL Mail, etc.) to be merged into one inbox.
The subscription-based Amazon Prime, which includes unlimited streaming of movies and TV shows, is available with a free 30 day trial period.
Content formats supported are Kindle Format 8 (KF8), Kindle Mobi (.azw), TXT, PDF, unrestricted MOBI, PRC natively, Audible (Audible Enhanced (AA, AAX)), DOC, DOCX, JPEG, GIF, PNG, BMP, non-DRM AAC, MP3, MIDI, OGG, WAV, MP4, VP8.
Because of Amazon's USB driver implementation, the Kindle Fire suffers from slow USB transfer speeds.
For example, transferring an 800MB video file may take more than three minutes.
ReceptionAnalysts had projected the device to be a strong competitor to Apple's iPad, and that other Android device makers would suffer lost sales.
In a review published by Project Gutenberg, the Kindle Fire was called a "huge step back in freedom from the Kindle 3"; the reviewer noted that Amazon introduced a "deliberate limitation" into the Fire that didn't exist in the previous version: it is no longer possible to download free e-books from websites such as Project Gutenberg, Internet Archive and Google Books and have them stored permanently in the same places where books from Amazon are kept.
SalesCustomers began receiving their Kindle Fires on November 15, 2011, and by the following December, customers had purchased over a million Kindle devices per week.
International Data Corporation (IDC) estimated that the Kindle Fire sold about 4.7 million units during the fourth quarter of 2011.
Recently, the Amazon Kindle Fire helped the company beat their 2012 first quarter estimates and boosted the company's stock in extended trading.
As of May 2013, about 7 million units have been sold according to estimates.
|Generation||1st generation (2011)||2nd generation (2012)|
|Model||Kindle Fire||Kindle Fire|
|Release date||November 15, 2011||September 14, 2012|
|Resolution||1024 × 600 (169 ppi)|
|OS||Based on Android OS 2.3.3||Based on Android OS 4.0.3|
|CPU||Dual-core 1 GHz TI OMAP4 4430||Dual-core 1.2 GHz TI OMAP4 4430|
|GPU||Imagination Technologies PowerVR SGX540|
|RAM||512 MB||1 GB|
|Dimensions||190 × 120 × 11.4 mm (7.48 × 4.72 × 0.45 in)||189 × 120 × 11.5 mm (7.44 × 4.72 × 0.45 in)|
|Weight||413 g (14.6 oz)||400 g (14 oz)|
- The iPad (left) compared with the Kindle Fire (right)
- The Kindle Fire (left) compared with the iPod Touch (right)
- Kindle Fire HD, Second generation Kindle Fire
- Kindle Fire HDX, Third generation Kindle Fire
- Comparison of:
Here It is My First Kindle Book:
Author- Self Publishing Poet ~Donald Beres Jr.
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